There is a lot of misinformation about coronavirus at the moment. The fact is that we are still gathering data on the SARS-COV-2 virus and the resultant COVID-19 disease. More questions will come. And hopefully more answers too. Simply, we know the following right now:

How it spreads: COVID-19 spreads from person to person through close contact or droplets that are produced when a person coughs or sneezes. People are most contagious when they have symptoms; however, it may also spread before people are symptomatic.

Symptoms: Two to fourteen days after exposure, symptoms such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath may appear.

What to do if you are sick: If you are sick or have symptoms of COVID-19, stay home and isolate yourself, avoiding contact with other people. Call your doctor, tell them that you may have COVID-19, and ask them to alert your local  health department to seek more advice.

How serious is COVID-19: Most reports of COVID-19 are generally mild. However, older adults, those with existing health conditions, and people who are immunocompromised are more likely to develop a serious form of illness that may be fatal. This is why it’s especially important to isolate yourself if you have symptoms so that you do not spread it to susceptible people.

So what can you do?

There is currently no vaccine for COVID-19. To protect yourself from infection, wash your hands regularly for at least twenty seconds or use a hand sanitiser that contains at least 60 percent alcohol. Avoid touching your face. Disinfect items you touch often, such as your phone or laptop. Avoid close contact with others who may have symptoms.

Michael Osterholm , director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP) in the United States also suggests keeping healthy in general will help fight infection. Working out and keeping fit, as well as a good diet of fresh fruit and vegetables, will put you in good stead.